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    Carol
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    Gardening Tips

    Post  Carol on Fri Apr 09, 2010 2:19 am

    Gardening Tips

    Planting a vegetable garden;
preparing the soil and
putting some extra effort into preparing the beds before planting will save a lot of time and effort in the future. Dig the bed up to break up compacted soil (this will help with drainage) and removing rocks and weeds as you go. Try to pull out as much of the weed roots as possible so that they will not come back to haunt you later. This is also a good time to amend your soil.

    Companion Plants in the Vegetable Garden
There are some plants that, when planted close together, will benefit each other. Likewise, there are certain combinations of plants that will inhibit the growth of one or both types of plants.

    Here are a few combinations to avoid:

    Potatoes – inhibit growth of tomatoes and squash 


    Beans – inhibit growth of onions 


    Broccoli – inhibits growth of tomatoes 


    Carrots – inhibit growth of dill 


    This isn’t to say that you can’t grow these plants together in the same garden, just don’t grow them right next to each other.

    Watering
Vegetables need a bit of extra care when it comes to watering. Consistent watering will produce successful results. If you have a large garden, you may want to consider a soaker hose. This will ensure that your plants get an even watering without getting the leaves wet and all you have to do is remember to turn on the house.

    Rotating Crops
assuming that you plan to grow vegetables more than one year, it is important that you rotate your crops. Crop rotation prevents building diseases up in the soil and preserves micro-nutrients. Rotating is not very difficult, but does take a little advance planning as well as a basic knowledge of the vegetable families. Vegetables are broken down into basic family groups. These groups should be rotated together as they use soil in similar ways and share similar pests.

    Alliums: Onions, Garlic, Scallions, Shallots, and Leeks

    Brassicas: Broccoli, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Brussels Sprouts, and Kale

    Crucifers:
Turnips, Radishes, Rutabaga, and Collards 


    Cucurbits: Cucumbers, Squashes (from zucchini to pumpkin), and Melons 


    Legumes:
Peas and Beans 


    Mescluns: Arugula, Swiss Chard, Chicory, Endive, Escarole, and Radiccio. 


    Solanaceae: Tomatoes, Peppers, and Eggplant

    Perennial vegetables: Asparagus, Rhubarb and Artichokes should not be rotated and therefore should be planted separately.

    The rest (most vegetables are hardy or semi-hardy annuals) should be rotated every year on a four-year plan (so that the same family of vegetables is not planted in the same location within four years). This is easy to accommodate if you have planted four beds for your rotating plants and one bed for your non-rotating perennials. See where that advanced planning starts to come in handy?

    Raised beds 2”x10”x8’ and cut it down the middle

    Pre-drill holes, assemble raised beds. Use exterior deck screws (3 on end) beds for 4’x4’ – use untreated wood 2/3 strips goes in corners to strengthen for the two layers

    Add another level for higher – 2”x3” strips goes in corners vertically to strengthen for the two layers

    Healthy soil contains the following:

    Animal manure (chicken poop, horse poop have the best Ph)
    Household waste for organic compost
    Worms ariate soil too
    House, chicken poop and rabbit poop on top of the beds first. (Use hay with horse poop on it)
    Mulching with newspaper and cocoa shell (put newspaper on bott
    om)

    Put fine wire on bottom of 4'x4' raised bed - shallow roots can grow in 12 inches.. longer roots veggies, asparagus, grapes, green pepper plants, berry bushes 24 inches deep would work.


    Last edited by Carol on Fri Apr 09, 2010 2:29 am; edited 1 time in total
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    Carol
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    Re: Gardening Tips

    Post  Carol on Fri Apr 09, 2010 2:24 am

    February Sowing:

    • Early beetroot, broad beans, spinach, summer cabbage, calabrese, globe artichoke, and lettuce in trays indoors

    • Early beetroot, carrots, lettuces, spring unions, salad leaves and spinach

    • Onions, shallots and garlic

    • Rhubarb

    • Tubers of Jerusalem artichokes from now until April

    March Sowings:

    • Sow leeks and celery, in trays, transplant into pots when ready.

    • Peas and beans

    • Early beetroot, carrots, lettuces, spring unions, radishes, leaf beet, and salad leaves seeds

    • Plant early potatoes when ground is dry enough

    April Sowings:

    • Kale, broad bean, kohlrabi, leeks and parsnips

    • Beans, courgettes, squashes, pumpkins and sweet corn under glass

    • Repeat sowings of salad leaves, rocket, parsley, coriander, carrots and spring onions.

    • Plant one-year-old Asparagus.

    May Sowings:

    • Sow brussel sprouts, broccoli, winter cabbage and kale in seedbeds.

    • Repeat sowings of peas, salad leaves, rocket, parsley, beetroot, coriander, carrots, kohlrabi and spring onions.

    • Harden off celery plants, plant out at end of month.

    • Plant out beans, squash, courgettes, sweet corn and pumpkins, towards end of month. Thin any seedlings.

    June Sowings:

    • Continue to sow French and runner beans, peas, beetroot, carrots, kohlrabi, spinach, lettuces, and all salads

    • Plant out seedlings of leeks, cabbages, celeriac, courgettes, squashes, pumpkins, calabrese, broccoli and outdoor tomatoes


    July Sowings:

    • Sow kale, spinach, Chinese greens, cabbages, radishes and winter lettuces, directly outside

    • Continue sowing all salad crops

    August Sowings:

    • Sow cabbages, perpetual spinach, radicchio, winter lettuces and spring onions in seed-beds or pots. Sow parsley for winter cropping

    • Prepare strawberry beds and plant out runners

    September Sowings:

    • Sow swiss chard, perpetual spinach and mixed winter salad leaves

    • Order fruit bushes for winter sowing

    October Sowings:

    • Sow garlic, onion sets, broad beans and peas directly

    • Plant out seedling spring cabbage and greens until the middle of the month

    • Lift main crop potatoes

    • Sow green manure if ground is to be left till spring

    November Sowings:

    • Peas and broad beans can still be sown

    • Fruit bushes and rhubarb can be planted if the ground is good

    • Lift mint roots and divide, pot up, and put under cover for winter use

    December Sowings:

    • Onion sets can still be planted out

    • Protect bay, rosemary, and marjoram in cloches or with fleece
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    Carol
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    Re: Gardening Tips

    Post  Carol on Fri Apr 09, 2010 2:26 am

    From AC

    http://www.the-gardeners-calendar.co.uk/MoonPlanting.asp

    also here is something more on companion planting , the plant guild
    of corn, squash and beans.

    http://earthfriendlygardening.wordpress.co...-three-sisters/
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    spiritwarrior

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    * Gardening Tips

    Post  spiritwarrior on Mon May 17, 2010 4:12 pm

    Garden Girl TV:
    Vertical Gardening One(How to Grow Vertically)


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